Herbs, perennial, 3-10 dm, stoloniferous. Stems erect, largely simple proximal to inflorescences, villous or glabrous. Leaves op-posite; blade ovate to elliptic, 6-15 × 2-7 cm, apex acute to long acuminate, sparsely pubescent. Inflorescences: panicles 7-30 cm; bracts and bracteoles of staminate and pistillate flowers shorter than tepals. Flowers: tepals white, ovate, 1-1.3 mm, hyaline, apex acute to acuminate, densely lanate. Utricles exerted from tepals, greenish white, ovoid, 1.1-1.5 mm, apex rounded. Seeds 0.5-0.8 mm. Flowering fall. Sandy alluvial soils of low woods, depressions, sand dunes, along rivers, sandy bluffs; 0-200 m; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va. Iresine rhizomatosa has occasionally been called I. celsioides Linnaeus, a misapplication of that name.
Dioecious, rhizomatous perennial 5-15 dm, pilose at the nodes; lvs thin, bright green, lance-ovate, acuminate, entire, to 14 cm, a third to half as wide; panicles terminal and from the upper axils, pyramidal, 1-3 dm, with innumerable tiny fls; bracts and bracteoles ovate, shorter than the cal; sep lance-ovate, 1.2-1.5 mm, those of the pistillate fls subtended by long (eventually 3-5 mm) hairs; fr rotund, 2-2.5 mm. Damp woods; Md. to Va. and Ala., w. to Kans. and Tex. Aug.-Oct. (I. paniculata, misapplied)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
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