This species will not endure shade. It bears innumerable fruits and the seed germinate readily. The sportsmen favor this tree because its fruit is greedily eaten by birds, while the land owners condemn it because it is difficult to keep fencerows and roadsides free from it. In the primitive forest I think it was infrequent and only locally frequent in its habitat. It was found in beech and sugar maple and basswood and sugar maple habitats, usually associated with black walnut and tulip tree. It was rarely found on black and white oak ridges or in lowland woods. It is now found throughout the state in open woodland and along fences and roadsides.