Much like no. 9 [Crataegus crus-galli L.], but the lvs, twigs, and infl evidently pubescent at least when young, often persistently so, the lvs becoming glossy above. S. Ill. and w. Ky. to Ga., La., se. Kans., and Tex. (C. engelmannii; C. fecunda; C. paradoxa)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.